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VERBS > Active Voice > Passive Voice > Conjugation > Defective Strong Verbs > Mood > Imperative Mood > Indicative Mood > Subjunctive Mood > BE (usage) > CHOOSE (usage) > Person/Number (usage) > SHALL/WILL (usage) > Strong Verbs > Tense > Transitive > Troublesome Verbs > Weak Verbs

241. INFLECTIONS OF THE VERB CHOOSE.

Indicative Mood.

PRESENT TENSE. PAST TENSE.
Singular. Plural. Singular. Plural.
1. I choose We choose 1. I chose We chose
2. You choose You choose 2. You chose You chose
3. [He] chooses [They] choose 3. [He] chose [They] chose

Subjunctive Mood.

PRESENT TENSE. PAST TENSE.
Singular. Plural. Singular. Plural.
1. I choose We choose 1. I chose We chose
2. You choose You choose 2. You chose You chose
3. [He] choose [They] choose 3. [He] chose [They] chose

Imperative Mood.

PRESENT TENSE
Singular and Plural
Choose.

FULL CONJUGATION OF THE VERB CHOOSE.

Machinery of a verb in the voices, tenses, etc.

242. In addition to the above inflected forms, there are many periphrastic or compound forms, made up of auxiliaries with the infinitives and participles. Some of these have been indicated in Sec. 240, (2).

The ordinary tenses yet to be spoken of are made up as follows:—

(1) Future tense, by using shall and will with the simple or root form of the verb; as, "I shall be," "He will choose."

(2) Present perfect, past perfect, future perfect, tenses, by placing have, had, and shall (or will) have before the past participle of any verb; as, "I have gone" (present perfect), "I had gone" (past perfect), "I shall have gone" (future perfect).

(3) The definite form of each tense, by using auxiliaries with the imperfect participle active; as, "I am running," "They had been running."

(4) The passive forms, by using the forms of the verb be before the past participle of verbs; as, "I was chosen," "You are chosen."

243. The following scheme will show how rich our language is in verb phrases to express every variety of meaning. Only the third person, singular number, of each tense, will be given.

ACTIVE VOICE.

Indicative Mood.
Present. He chooses.
Present definite. He is choosing.
Past. He chose.
Past definite. He was choosing.
Future. He will choose.
Future definite. He will he choosing.
Present perfect. He has chosen.
Present perfect definite. He has been choosing.
Past perfect. He had chosen.
Past perfect definite. He had been choosing.
Future perfect. He will have chosen.
Future perfect definite. He will have been choosing.

Subjunctive Mood.
Present. [If, though, lest, etc.] he choose.
Present definite. " he be choosing.
Past. " he chose (or were to choose).
Past definite. " he were choosing (or were to be choosing).
Present perfect. " he have chosen.
Present perfect definite. " he have been choosing.
Past perfect. " Same as indicative.
Past perfect definite. " Same as indicative.
Imperative Mood.
Present. (2d per.) Choose.
Present definite. " Be choosing.

NOTE.—Since participles and infinitives are not really verbs, but verbals, they will be discussed later (Sec. 262).

PASSIVE VOICE.

Indicative Mood.
Present. He is chosen.
Present definite. He is being chosen.
Past. He was chosen.
Past definite. He was being chosen.
Future. He will be chosen.
Future definite. None.
Present perfect. He has been chosen.
Present perfect definite. None.
Past perfect. He had been chosen.
Past perfect definite. None.
Future perfect. He will have been chosen.
Future perfect definite. None.
Subjunctive Mood.
Present.. [If, though, lest, etc.] he be chosen.
Present definite. " None.
Past. " he were chosen (or were to be chosen).
Past definite. " he were being chosen.
Present perfect. " he have been chosen.
Present perfect definite. " None.
Past Perfect. " he had been chosen.
Past perfect definite. " None.
Imperative Mood.
Present tense. (2d per.) Be chosen.

Also, in affirmative sentences, the indicative present and past tenses have emphatic forms made up of do and did with the infinitive or simple form; as, "He does strike," "He did strike."


VERBS > Active Voice > Passive Voice > Conjugation > Defective Strong Verbs > Mood > Imperative Mood > Indicative Mood > Subjunctive Mood > BE (usage) > CHOOSE (usage) > Person/Number (usage) > SHALL/WILL (usage) > Strong Verbs > Tense > Transitive > Troublesome Verbs > Weak Verbs