VOICE, ACTIVE AND PASSIVE.
Meaning of active voice.
208. As has been seen,
transitive verbs are the only kind that can express action so as to go over to
an object. This implies three things,—the agent, or person or thing
acting; the verb representing the action; the person or object receiving the
In the sentence, "We reached the village of Sorgues by
dusk, and accepted the invitation of an old dame to lodge at her inn," these
three things are found: the actor, or agent, is expressed by we; the
action is asserted by reached and accepted; the things acted upon
are village and invitation. Here the subject is represented as
doing something. The same word is the subject and the agent. This use of a
transitive verb is called the active voice.
209. The active
voice is that form of a verb which represents the subject as acting; or
The active voice is that form of a transitive verb which
makes the subject and the agent the same word.
210. Intransitive verbs are
always active voice. Let the student explain why.