When we use a verb to connect the subject of a sentence with a predicate noun, pronoun, or adjective, we call it a "linking verb
." Linking verbs do not convey action.
In the sentence, It was a sunny afternoon,
the intransitive verb was
is followed by the predicate noun afternoon.
The verb was
is used to link the subject It
with the predicate noun
. We call this type of verb a linking verb.
The most commonly used linking verbs include: be, is, are, was, were, have been,
etc. We also frequently use walk, appear, turn, become, feel, grow, look, seem, smell, remain, sound, taste,
etc. as a form of linking verbs.NOTE
We can always recognize a linking verb because a predicate word follows it a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective in the predicate defines or describes the subject of the sentence.
The following sentences include linking verbs
Does the nurse herself feel sick? (Is she sick?) ETC.
This museum feels chilly (is chilly). ETC.
The boss looked angry (was angry). ETC.
The Tower of Pisa does not stand straight (is not straight). ETC.
The evening dinner tasted delicious (was delicious to the sense of taste).
Usually we can refer to a linking verb if we
can subtitute some form of the verb is
without greatly changing the meaning of the sentence.