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VERBALS : What are Verbals? : What are Gerunds? : What are Participles? : Examples of Using Participles : What are Infinitives? : Errors in Using Verbals and Gerunds

Verbals—
Participles, Gerunds, Infinitives

verbalsEnglish grammar has two forms of the verb that we refer to as verbals. We call them the gerund and the participle.

The Gerund is a verbal noun—it is derived from the verb, but we use it as a noun. We form a gerund by adding -ing to the simple form of the verb, or the root infinitive. It is similar to the infinitive in meaning.

Gerunds are formed with -ing. (thinking, singing, walking, talking, listening)

Infinitives are formed with to. (to think, to sing, to walk, to talk, to listen)

The gerund functions similarly to both the noun and the verb.

As a noun it may function as:

(1) the subject or complement of a verb: "Seeing is believing."

(2) the object of a verb: "I admire his singing."

(3) the object of a preposition: "She is good at running."

As a verb it may be:

(1) modified by an adverb, or by an adverbial phrase: "He began laughing harmoniously."

(2) when transitive, it may control a noun or pronoun in the objective case: "Playing golf is great sport."

Gerunds are often phrasal:

EX.— "I hate being seen at her house."
EX.— "He knew of my having been fired."

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VERBALS : What are Verbals? : What are Gerunds? : What are Participles? : Examples of Using Participles : What are Infinitives? : Errors in Using Verbals and Gerunds





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