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THE PARTS OF SPEECH [ ? ]
MISUSED ENGLISH WORDS
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Participles, Gerunds, Infinitives
English grammar has two forms of the verb that we refer to as verbals. We call them the gerund and the participle.
The Gerund is a verbal nounit is derived from the verb, but we use it as a noun. We form a gerund by adding -ing to the simple form of the verb, or the root infinitive. It is similar to the infinitive in meaning.
Gerunds are formed with -ing. (thinking, singing, walking, talking, listening)
Infinitives are formed with to. (to think, to sing, to walk, to talk, to listen)
The gerund functions similarly to both the noun and the verb.
As a noun it may function as:
(1) the subject or complement of a verb: "Seeing is believing."
(2) the object of a verb: "I admire his singing."
(3) the object of a preposition: "She is good at running."
As a verb it may be:
(1) modified by an adverb, or by an adverbial phrase: "He began laughing harmoniously."
(2) when transitive, it may control a noun or pronoun in the objective case: "Playing golf is great sport."
Gerunds are often phrasal:
EX. "I hate being seen at her house."
EX. "He knew of my having been fired."