English grammar has two forms of the verb that we refer to as verbals.
We call them the gerund
and the participle.
is a verbal nounit is derived from the verb, but we use it as a noun. We form a gerund by adding -ing
to the simple form of the verb, or
the root infinitive.
It is similar to the infinitive in meaning. Gerunds
are formed with -ing
are formed with to
The gerund functions similarly to both the noun and the verb. As a noun it may function as: (1)
the subject or complement of a verb:
"Seeing is believing."(2)
the object of a verb: "I admire his singing." (3)
the object of a preposition: "She is good at running." As a verb it may be: (1)
modified by an adverb, or by an adverbial phrase: "He began laughing harmoniously." (2)
when transitive, it may control a noun or pronoun in the objective case: "Playing
golf is great sport." Gerunds are often phrasal: EX. "I hate being seen at her house." EX. "He knew of my having been fired."