The prepositions in common use today include the following: in, on, upon, between, out, over, under, through, by, beside, besides, except, from, to, at, above, before, behind, after, into, against, within, without, with, of, throughout, during.
We also have a group of prepositions that service as single prepositions
. They include: in spite of, according to, because of, aside from, up to, out from, out of.
We sometimes say think of me
of remember me,
or ran up
instead of approached.
In these cases the preposition is a part of the verb; but if we separate it from the verb and refer to it as a single word, then it is an adverb.
Prepositions form but a small groupa hundred or so. No more than half are in common use today. Preposition are all the same kind; they all perform the same duty. We can easily recognized them with one exception. Sometimes a preposition cannot carry the burden of pointing out relationship so we use some other part
of speech to aid its meaning.
Notice the following sentences: EX.
He succeeded by means of
hard work. EX.
He failed because of
his neglect. EX.
Brian went in place of
They were to write to us in regard to
this matter. EX. On account of
heavy storms, we were delayed a week.
We have used the italicized words so many times to express a
single idea that we think each group is a single word. We do not stop to look how each word aids the other word in making a sentence.