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NOUNS : What is a Noun? : Abstract Nouns : Collective Nouns : Case Nouns : Possessive Nouns : Common Nouns : Gender Nouns : Plural of Compound Nouns : Proper Nouns

Plural of Common Nouns

Plural of Common NounsGENERAL RULE— Nouns usually form the plural number by adding s or es to the singular, such as: boy, boys; class, classes.

Follow these rules to make plural nouns:

(a) Nouns that end in y preceded by a vowel create the plural by adding s; but nouns that end in y preceded by a consonant, create the plural by changing y to i and adding es.

Examples: alley, alleys; baby, babies; city, cities; party, parties.

(b) Nouns that end in f or fe form the plural by changing f or fe to ve and adding s.

Examples: beef, beeves; knife, knives; wife, wives; leaf, leaves.

(c) Nouns that end in o form the plural by adding s or es according to usage.

Examples: echo, echoes; hero, heroes; potato, potatoes; tornado, tornadoes; torpedo, torpedoes.

EX.— The zoo has several donkeys.
EX.— The ladies have gone to the dance club.
EX.— The farmer fed the calves in the evening.
EX.— The cowboys performed many tricks with lassos.
EX.— The mulattoes took charge of the horses.
EX.— Great masses of people assembled outside of church.
EX.— Stephen King wrote many essays.
EX.— We have two surreys for sale.
EX.— The ponies trot fast.
EX.— Homemade remedies taste the best.
EX.— We will divide the apple into halves.
EX.— I ordered a bag of potatoes.

NOTE— Other nouns that are old in the language change the main vowel to form plurals: tooth, teeth; foot, feet; man, men; woman, women; mouse, mice; and several more.

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NOUNS : What is a Noun? : Abstract Nouns : Collective Nouns : Case Nouns : Possessive Nouns : Common Nouns : Gender Nouns : Plural of Compound Nouns : Proper Nouns