Grammar is one of the several sciences of languages. Philology
, the science of the history and creation of language, includes: phonetics
, a science of articulate sounds; etymology
, a science of word origins; and grammar
, a science of how we use words. We can define grammar as a "science of
language" that has specific partsand laws on how we use these parts in a sentence.
Grammar is simple. We can divide words into eight different groups, called "parts of speech
The eight parts-of-speech are: Noun
Existing words and new words fall naturally into these groups. Grammar is the working out of this discovery
To master grammar, you need to define the parts-of-speech before you can
understand their uses.
A common question is, "Why do we have eight parts-of-speech? Why not seven or eleven?
" The simple answer is because we have eight several uses to which we can arrange words in a sentence. A sentence
is a group of words so related that they express one complete thought.
Not every sentence has (or must have) all eight parts-of-speech.
The sentence, "Lisa won
," states one complete thought with only two parts-of-speech, expressed in two words.
The sentence, "We are happy our football team won today
expresses one complete thought with eight parts-of-speech, expressed in eight words.
To express a complete thought, you must use at least two parts-of-speech. You can use ten, twenty, thirty, even a hundred words if you can make them work together. The two essential parts of a sentence are: 1)
the subject (what you talk about), and 2)
the predicate (what you say of the subject).
That's all you need to know to write correctly.