English Grammar
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GRAMMAR > What is Grammar? > The English Grammar > Most Confusing English Words > Plain English

What is English Grammar?


What is English Grammar?Grammar is one of the several sciences of languages. Philology, the science of the history and creation of language, includes: phonetics, a science of articulate sounds; etymology, a science of word origins; and grammar, a science of how we use words.

We can define grammar as a "science of language" that has specific parts—and laws on how we use these parts in a sentence.

Grammar is simple. We can divide words into eight different groups, called "parts of speech."

The eight parts-of-speech are: Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction and Interjection.

Existing words and new words fall naturally into these groups. Grammar is the working out of this discovery.

To master grammar, you need to define the parts-of-speech before you can understand their uses.

A common question is, "Why do we have eight parts-of-speech? Why not seven or eleven?" The simple answer is because we have eight several uses to which we can arrange words in a sentence.

A sentence is a group of words so related that they express one complete thought.

Not every sentence has (or must have) all eight parts-of-speech.

The sentence, "Lisa won," states one complete thought with only two parts-of-speech, expressed in two words.

The sentence, "We are happy our football team won today," expresses one complete thought with eight parts-of-speech, expressed in eight words.

To express a complete thought, you must use at least two parts-of-speech. You can use ten, twenty, thirty, even a hundred words if you can make them work together.

The two essential parts of a sentence are:

1) the subject (what you talk about), and

2) the predicate (what you say of the subject).

That's all you need to know to write correctly.

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GRAMMAR > What is Grammar? > The English Grammar > Most Confusing English Words > Plain English