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THE PARTS OF SPEECH [ ? ]
> Adjectives
> Adverbs
> Articles
> Conjunctions
> Nouns
> Pronouns
> Prepositions
> Verbs : Verbals
> Vowels : Consonants
CHEAT SHEETS
> Violations of English Words
> Homonyms
> Homogeneous words
> Possessive nouns
HOW TO WRITE BETTER
> Ad Copy
> Blog Copy
> Resume
> Sales Letter
PLAIN ENGLISH WRITING ( What is? )
> Plain English Material
> Jargon and Legalese
> Active Voice
> Plain English Gobbledygook
> Using plain English
WRITING STYLES
> APA Style
> MLA Style
> Chicago Style
GRAMMAR ( What is? )
> The English Grammar
> Plain English Style
> Most confusing English Words
GRAMMAR MISTAKES
> Attraction
> ALONE (usage)
> AND relative
> Broken Construction
MISUSED ENGLISH WORDS
> Aggravating, Irritating
> Both, Each, Every
> Continual, Continuous
> Decided, Decisive
> Show all
CAPITALIZATION ( What is? )
> Book Titles
> First Words
> Titles of People
PUNCTUATION ( What is? )
> Apostrophe
> Colon
> Comma
> Dash
FIGURES OF SPEECH
> What is a figure of speech?
> the Simile
> the Metaphor
> Personification
WORD CLASSES
> Word Groups
> Spoken and Written Words
> Motion Words

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FIGURES OF SPEECH : What is a figure of speech? : the Oxymoron : the Simile : the Metaphor : Allegory : Personification : Apostrophe : Allusion : Metonymy : Synecdoche : Antithesis : Climax : Anticlimax : Errors in Figures of Speech


Figures of Speech —
the Metaphor

the MetaphorThe metaphor does not state a likeness; it assumes it. It is an implied comparison between things essentially different. It never uses introductory words. The metaphor is the commonest of all figures. We often refer to all figurative language as metaphorical. Whenever the English language gives a word a new meaning, it becomes, for a time, a metaphor. Metaphors are generally short, consisting of a single word.

From expressions like "it's raining cats and dogs" to "table leg" and "old flame," everyday speech is full of them.

EX.— Her home was a prison.
EX.— The committee shot her ideas down one by one.
EX.— He broke into her conversation.
EX.— It wasn't long before their relationship turned sour.
EX.— The team decided to abandon the project.
EX.— Love is a battlefield.
EX.— The boss was boiling mad.

Good writing practice allows a series of good metaphors, but we must use caution not to use more than one metaphor in a sentence otherwise we begin to sound ridiculous. You also need to be careful to prevent mixing metaphors with literal statements. Do not say, "The strong arm of the law is marching through the land breathing out fire and pestilence." Readers may laugh at you.

Make sure each part of a metaphor relates with every other part. Mixed metaphors, which constitute serious errors of writing, result from confusing metaphors in the same sentence or from joining metaphorical language with literal language.

In selecting metaphors avoid trite and worn-out expressions, hackneyed ones, and grotesque ones. Also avoid overdeveloped metaphors, with useless details. They do not help; they hinder.

It is always possible to convert a metaphor into a simile by making the comparison formal, using like or as; likewise, you can convert a simile into a metaphor by dropping like or as. EX.— "A man's life is like an open book."

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FIGURES OF SPEECH : What is a figure of speech? : the Oxymoron : the Simile : the Metaphor : Allegory : Personification : Apostrophe : Allusion : Metonymy : Synecdoche : Antithesis : Climax : Anticlimax : Errors in Figures of Speech






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