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CHEAT SHEETS > Connective Words and Phrases > Common HOMOGENEOUS words > Common HOMONYMS > Violations of English Words > English Prefixes > English Prepositions > English Suffixes > Word Choices > Troublesome Verbs > Troublesome Plurals > Possessive Nouns


Most Troublesome Verbs in the English Language

Present Tense
Past Tense
Past Participle
  1. abide
  2. am
  3. arise
  4. awake
  5. beat
  6. begin
  7. behold
  8. bend
  9. bereave
  10. beseech
  11. bet
  12. bind
  13. bite
  14. bleed
  15. blow
  16. break
  17. breed
  18. bring
  19. build
  20. burst
  21. buy
  22. catch
  23. choose
  24. climb
  25. cling
  26. come
  27. cost
  28. creep
  29. deal
  30. dig
  31. do
  32. draw
  33. drink
  34. drive
  35. dwell
  36. eat
  37. fall
  38. feed
  39. feel
  40. fight
  41. find
  42. flee
  43. fling
  44. flow
  45. fly
  46. forget
  47. forsake
  48. freeze
  49. give
  50. get
  51. go
  52. grind
  53. grow
  54. hang
  55. hide
  56. hold
  57. hurt
  58. keep
  59. kneel
  60. know
  61. lay
  62. lead
  63. leave
  64. lend
  65. lie (to recline)
  66. light
  67. lose
  68. make
  69. mean
  70. meet
  71. pay
  72. prove
  73. put
  74. rid
  75. ride
  76. ring
  77. rise
  78. run
  79. say
  80. see
  81. seek
  82. set
  83. shake
  84. shrink
  85. sing
  86. show
  87. sink
  88. sit
  89. slay
  90. slide
  91. sow
  92. speak
  93. spread
  94. spring
  95. steal
  96. strew
  97. stride
  98. strike
  99. strive
  100. swear
  101. swell
  102. swim
  103. swing
  104. take
  105. teach
  106. tear
  107. throw
  108. thrust
  109. tread
  110. wear
  111. weave
  112. wet
  113. wring
  114. write
  1. abode
  2. was
  3. arose
  4. awoke
  5. beat
  6. began
  7. beheld
  8. bent
  9. bereft, bereaved
  10. besought
  11. bet
  12. bound
  13. bit
  14. bled
  15. blew
  16. broke
  17. bred
  18. brought
  19. built
  20. burst
  21. bought
  22. caught
  23. chose
  24. climbed
  25. clung
  26. came
  27. cost
  28. crept
  29. dealt
  30. dug
  31. did
  32. drew
  33. drank
  34. drove
  35. dwelt
  36. ate
  37. fell
  38. fed
  39. felt
  40. fought
  41. found
  42. fled
  43. flung
  44. flowed
  45. flew
  46. forgot
  47. forsook
  48. froze
  49. gave
  50. got
  51. went
  52. ground
  53. grew
  54. hung
  55. hid
  56. held
  57. hurt
  58. kept
  59. knelt, kneeled
  60. knew
  61. laid
  62. led
  63. left
  64. lent
  65. lay
  66. lighted or lit
  67. lost
  68. made
  69. meant
  70. met
  71. paid
  72. proved
  73. put
  74. rid
  75. rode
  76. rang
  77. rose
  78. ran
  79. said
  80. saw
  81. sought
  82. set
  83. shook
  84. shrank
  85. sang
  86. showed
  87. sank
  88. sat
  89. slew
  90. slid
  91. sowed
  92. spoke
  93. spread
  94. sprang
  95. stole
  96. strewed
  97. strode
  98. struck
  99. strove
  100. swore
  101. swelled
  102. swam
  103. swung
  104. took
  105. taught
  106. tore
  107. threw
  108. thrust
  109. trod
  110. wore
  111. wove
  112. wet
  113. wrung
  114. wrote
  1. abode
  2. been
  3. arisen
  4. awaked
  5. beaten
  6. begun
  7. beheld
  8. bent
  9. bereft, bereaved
  10. besought
  11. bet
  12. bound
  13. bitten
  14. bled
  15. blown
  16. broken
  17. bred
  18. brought
  19. built
  20. burst
  21. bought
  22. caught
  23. chosen
  24. climbed
  25. clung
  26. come
  27. cost
  28. crept
  29. dealt
  30. dug
  31. done
  32. drawn
  33. drunk
  34. driven
  35. dwelt
  36. eaten
  37. fallen
  38. fed
  39. felt
  40. fought
  41. found
  42. fled
  43. flung
  44. flowed
  45. flown
  46. forgotten
  47. forsaken
  48. frozen
  49. given
  50. got
  51. gone
  52. ground
  53. grown
  54. hung, hanged
  55. hidden
  56. held
  57. hurt
  58. kept
  59. knelt, kneeled
  60. known
  61. laid
  62. led
  63. left
  64. lent
  65. lain
  66. lighted or lit
  67. lost
  68. made
  69. meant
  70. met
  71. paid
  72. proved
  73. put
  74. rid
  75. ridden
  76. rung
  77. risen
  78. run
  79. said
  80. seen
  81. sought
  82. set
  83. shaken
  84. shrunk
  85. sung
  86. shown
  87. sunk
  88. sat
  89. slain
  90. slid, slidden
  91. sowed, sown
  92. spoken
  93. spread
  94. sprung
  95. stolen
  96. strewn
  97. stridden
  98. struck, stricken
  99. striven
  100. sworn
  101. swelled, swollen
  102. swum
  103. swung
  104. taken
  105. taught
  106. torn
  107. thrown
  108. thrust
  109. trodden
  110. worn
  111. woven
  112. wet
  113. wrung
  114. written

Troublesome Verbs Explained

Some languages have four or five conjugations (sets of verb forms). English has just two, and they are very simple. All verbs that have come into the language within recent times (within four or five hundred years) add -d or -ed to a common form to indicate past time:

print, printed; paint, painted; phone, phoned.

Most of the very old, simple verbs change the main vowel sound to form the past tense and past participle:

drink, drank, drunk; ride, rode, ridden;
sing, sang, sung; buy, bought, bought.


1) The -ed verbs, because they require the help of an additional syllable, are sometimes called the weak verbs, or sometimes referred to as regular verbs.

2) Because the other verbs make the changes within themselves, without the help of an added syllable, we call them the strong verbs, or sometimes referred to as irregular verbs.

Principal Parts — The weak verbs have only four different forms: call, calls, calling, called.

The strong verbs have usually five forms, like: ring, rings, ringing, rang, rung. But observe: bring, brings, bringing, brought.

In this word the past tense and past participle are the same: I brought; I have brought.

Three of these forms are called the principal parts.

Present Tense
Past Tense
Past Participle
ring
bring
call
carve
rang
brought
called
carved
rung
brought
called
carved

Knowing these three forms of any verb, you can use a verb, or make a verb phrase, to express any idea that the verb is capable of expressing. The other two forms differ only by the addition of an -s or an -ing to the present tense form.

Only a few verbs are troublesome to writers of the English language. You may have trouble with only two or three out of the list above.

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CHEAT SHEETS > Connective Words and Phrases > Common HOMOGENEOUS words > Common HOMONYMS > Violations of English Words > English Prefixes > English Prepositions > English Suffixes > Word Choices > Troublesome Verbs > Troublesome Plurals > Possessive Nouns






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