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A Cheat Sheet of Common HOMOGENEOUS WORDS

A Cheat Sheet of Common HOMOGENEOUS WORDSSimilar to homonyms, HOMOGENEOUS words are English words that are somewhat alike in either pronunciation or spelling and have different or similar meanings. The following list defines the correct form of these words in most common use.

(We also have a Cheat Sheet of HOMONYMS.)

AFFECT, verb, to impress, to change, to injure, to benefit (when so indicated by other words,) to move, to excite, to pretend or appear. Note. Affect is always a verb, and should never be used as a noun.
EFFECT, verb, to accomplish, to bring to pass or bring about, to make, to do, to achieve, to execute.
EFFECT, noun, impression, change, result, state, condition or fact. Note. Effect is, in reality, the noun of Affect.
EFFECTS, noun, pl., goods, chattels, personal property.

IN EFFECT,, (parenthetical phrase,) in substance or in reality.
INTO EFFECT, adverbial phrase, into reality, existence or made operative. Not parenthetical.
EFFECTIVE, EFFECTUAL, adj., of good effect, serviceable, useful.

ADVICE, noun, counsel, admonition, intelligence, information.
ADVICES, noun, plural, information, news.
ADVISE, verb, to give counsel, information, or intelligence.

ACCESS, noun, entrance, admission.
EXCESS, noun, superabundance, too much.

ADAPT, verb, to fit, to accommodate.
ADOPT, verb, to accept as one's own, to make one's own.
ADEPT, noun, one skilled in anything.

ALL, noun, everything, everybody; adj., every, entire, whole ; Adv., entirely. (Note. When all is compounded with other words the final / is dropped, except in the word allspice. )
ALTOGETHER, (one word) Adv., in all, entirely.
ALL TOGETHER, (two words) Every one or everything in one place.

ALREADY, (one word) Adv., previously, up to the present time, now.
ALL READY, (two words) Every one or everything entirely ready or prepared.

ALMOST, Adv., (one word) nearly.
ALL MOST, (two words) Everything or everybody excessively.

ALWAYS, Adv., (one word) continually, ever.
ALL WAYS, (two words) In all directions.

AVOID, verb, to shun, to escape from.
EVADE, verb, to elude, to flee from. (Note. These words are so nearly synonymous that great care must be taken in their use. Avoid means to escape from openly, as we avoid evils. Evade means to shun by deceit or device, as to evade the service of a writ.)
OBVIATE, verb, to prevent.

ARK, noun, boat built by Noah.
ARC, noun, part of a circle, electric light.
ARCTIC, adj., pertaining to the arctic circle or polar regions; cold.

ARCH, noun, structure with curved top; adj., chief.
ARCHER, noun, one who uses bows and arrows.
ARCHAIC, adj., ancient.
ARCHED, adj., curved.

AMATEUR, noun, a lover of music, arts, etc. Not a professional.
ARMATURE, noun, armament, connection of poles in electrical machines.

AMENITY, noun, friendliness, affability, congeniality.
IMMUNITY, noun, freedom from obligation; security.

ARRAIGN, verb, to indict, to bring to court for trial, to accuse.
ARRAIGNMENT, noun, act of arraigning.
ARRANGE, verb, to plan, to prepare, to set or put in order.
ARRANGEMENT, noun, plan, device, setting in order.

ABEYANCE, noun, suspense, waiting, pendency.
OBEYANCE, noun, obedience, compliance.

ASCENT, noun, climbing, or going up.
ASSENT, noun, consent, agreement, permission. Verb, to consent.

ACCEDE, verb, to yield, to acquiesce.
EXCEED, verb, to go beyond.

APPRISE, verb, to inform, to acquaint.
APPRAISE, verb, to value, to set a price.

ASSISTANT, noun one who assists.
ASSISTANTS, pl. of assistant. Persons who assist.
ASSISTANCE, noun, aid, help, relief.

ACCOMPLISHMENT, noun, something gained, procured or obtained.
ACCOMPLISHMENTS, noun, pl., polite education, dancing, singing, etc.

ALLUDE, verb, to refer. Allusive, adj., referring. Allusion, noun, reference.
ELUDE, verb, to escape, to evade. Elusive, adj., escaping. Elusion, noun, act of escaping.
ILLUDE, verb, to deceive. Illusive, adj., deceptive. Illusion, noun, deceitful appearance.


BESIDE, prep., near, along side of.
BESIDES, prep., in addition to. Adv., moreover.

BALE, noun, a bundle, verb, to make into a bundle.
BAIL, a handle; security for a prisoner. Verb, to give security; to ladle out water.

BREAK, verb, to rupture, to fracture. Noun, a fracture,
BRAKE, noun, a species of fern, an attachment to check motion of wheel.

BREAD, noun, baked cereal food.
BRED, p. part. of breed; brought up, trained.

BRUTE, noun, an animal, a vile person.
BRUIT, verb, to proclaim, to tell publicly.

BOROUGH, noun, a town or city.
BURRO, noun, a mountain mule.

BARE, adj., unclothed, plain, uncovered.
BEAR, verb, to carry, to support, to tolerate. Noun, an animal.

BOLDER, adj., more bold.
BOULDER, noun, a large round-shaped stone.

BARON, adj. or noun, a title.
BARREN, unproductive.

BEAT, verb, to strike, to whip, to overcome.
BEET, noun, a vegetable.

BORNE, participle of bear, carried, sustained, suffered, paid.
BORN, participle of bear, brought into existence, created.
BOURNE, noun, boundary, end, limit, extent.


CONFORM, verb, to agree, to resemble, to make like or according to form.
CONFIRM, verb, to verify, to establish, to corroborate.

CAPITAL, noun. The city in which the legislature meets; investment in business. adj., excellent, chief, good.
CAPITOL, noun, the building in which the legislature meets.

CONFIDENT, adj., sure, positive, having faith.
CONFIDENCE, noun, trust, faith, belief.
CONFIDANT, noun, a close friend.
CONFIDANTS, noun, plural of confidant, persons in whom we place confidence.
CONFIDENTLY, Adv., implicitly, with confidence.
CONFIDENTIALLY, Adv., privately, with confidence in others.

COUNSEL, noun, advice, adviser, a lawyer. Verb, to advise.
COUNSELOR, noun, an adviser, a lawyer.
COUNCIL, noun, an assemblage, a meeting.
COUNCILOR, a councilman, a member of a council.

CONSUL, noun, a foreign minister. A former Roman or French governor or ruler. Consular, adj., pertaining to a consul. Consulate, noun, office or position of a consul.
CONSOLS, noun, English government funds, stocks or bonds.

CANVAS, noun, coarse cloth, adj., made of coarse cloth.
CANVASS, verb, to solicit, to visit for purposes of trade or investigation. Noun, soliciting, visiting, etc.

COURSE, noun, direction, a term at school; verb, to move along. "Of course," certainly, obviously.
COARSE, adj., rough, of large fiber, unrefined, not fine.

CALENDER, noun, a press to make anything smooth, as paper, etc.
CALENDERED, adj., made smooth and glossy.
CALENDAR, noun, an almanac; a list with dates, as of cases for trial at court.
COLANDER, a tin sieve.

CORRESPONDENT, noun, a writer of letters or articles for the press. Correspondents, noun, plural of correspondent.
CORRESPONDENCE, noun, letters; communications; the act of writing letters or matter for the press.

CLOSE, (pron. cloce,) adj., near, narrow, small.
CLOSE, (pron. cloze,) verb, to shut up, to complete, to contract.
CLOSE, (pron. cloze,) noun, end or near the end.

CLOTHS, noun, pl. of cloth, woven fabrics.
CLOTHE, verb, to cover with garments.
CLOTHES, noun, (pron. cloze,) garments, wearing apparel.

CESSATION, noun, ceasing, stopping.
SECESSION, noun, going out, withdrawing, departing.
CESSION, noun, yielding, giving up.
SESSION, noun, a sitting, as of a meeting.

CURRENT, adj., running, flowing, passing, circulating. Noun, a moving stream, draught of air or course of electricity, etc.
CURRANT, noun, a small fruit.

CELLAR, noun, excavation under a house.
SELLER, noun, one who sells.

CARAT, noun, measure of fineness of gold and gems.
CARET, noun, mark, ( A) to indicate omissions.
CARROT, noun, a vegetable.

COMPLIMENT, noun, merited praise, commendation, not flattery. Verb, to praise.
COMPLEMENT, noun, full amount, entirety, complement.

CEREAL, noun, grain, or food made of grain.
SERIAL, noun, one of a series, a magazine or continued story. adj., following in regular order.

CEIL, verb, to make or affix a ceiling; ceiled, p. part., lined with boards.
CEILING, noun, top or sides of a room. adj., used for ceilings.
SEAL, verb, to attach a seal; noun, a stamp; Sealed, part., affixed.
SEALING, part. or adj., affixing a seal; used for sealing.

CONDITION, noun, state, order, stipulation.
CONDITIONS, noun, terms.

CANNON, noun, a large gun.
CANON, noun, ecclesiastical law or rule.

CASUALTY, noun, an accident, a chance occurrence.
CAUSALITY, noun, first, or underlying cause.

COMPOSE, verb, to put together, to make up, to write music, to calm, to quiet. Composed, adj. or part., calm, quiet, made up, written.
COMPOSER, noun, one who composes, or writes music.
COMPOSURE, noun, calmness, quietness.
COMPOSITOR, noun, one who sets type.


DIGRESSION, noun, departing from consideration of a subject, departure.
DISCRETION, noun, wisdom, understanding, judgment.
DISCUSSION, noun, debating, critical examination.

DEFERENCE, noun, respect, regard.
DIFFERENCE, noun, dissimilarity, inequality, variance.

DESCENT, noun, going down, declivity.
DECENT, adj., respectful, proper.

DISSENT, verb, to disagree, to deny or refuse.
DISSENSION, noun, disagreement, quarrel.

DEVELOP, verb, to grow, to expand, to work out.
DEVELOPMENT, noun, expansion, increase, etc.

ENVELOP, verb, to wrap around, to cover or surround.
ENVELOPE, noun, a cover for protection, as of a letter.

DESOLATE, adj., abandoned, wasted. Verb, to lay waste, despoil.
DESOLATION, noun, condition of waste or abandonment.

DISSOLUTE, adj., immoral, wanton, of bad character.
DISSOLUTION, noun, act of dissolving, separation, disintegration.

DEPRECIATION, noun, act of depreciation, decrease in value.
DEPRESSION, noun, act of depressing, dejection, sinking.

DESERT, verb, to leave, to forsake, to flee from.
DESERTS, noun, things deserved, reward, requital.
DESERT, noun, waste land, wilderness.
DESSERT, noun, pastry, last course at a dinner.

DEVICE, noun, plan, scheme, method.
DEVISE, verb, to plan, to leave by will.
DEVIOUS, adj., varying, crooked, irregular.

DIME, noun, ten cents.
DIEM, noun, Latin word for day.

DISEASE, noun, sickness.
DECEASE, noun, death.

DIVERS, adj., some, several, various.
DIVERS, noun, plural of "diver." Persons who dive.

DIVERSE, adj., different, varying.
DIVERGENT, adj., branching off, differing.

DISBURSE, verb, to pay out money.
DISBURSEMENT, noun, paying out money.
DISPERSE, verb, to scatter, to send away.
DEFRAY, verb, to pay, (as expenses.)
REIMBURSE, verb, to pay back.

DISCOMFORT, verb, to make uncomfortable; noun, disagreeableness.
DISCOMFIT, verb, to vanquish, to put to a disadvantage.
DISCOMFITURE, noun, defeat, disadvantage.

DEMEAN, verb, to behave.
DEMEANOR, noun, behavior.
DEMESNE, (pron. demeen,) domain, landed property, manor house and land.


ELICIT, verb, to draw or call but.
ILLICIT, adj., unlawful.

EMINENT, adj., high, exalted, excellent.
IMMINENT, adj., threatening, menacing.

LEGIBLE, adj., readable, plain.
ELIGIBLE, adj., electable, qualified, fit, proper, desirable.
INELIGIBLE, adj., not qualified, fit or desirable.
ILLEGIBLE, adj., not readable, indistinct.

EMIGRANT, noun, a person going out (of a country).
EMIGRATE, verb, to leave (a country.) Emigration, noun, act of going out (of a country.)
IMMIGRANT, noun, a person coming in (to a country.)
IMMIGRATE, verb, to come in (to a country.)
IMMIGRATION, noun, act of coming into a country.

EMERGE, verb, to come out.
EMERGENCY, noun, a critical period.
IMMERGE, verb, to plunge in.
IMMERSE, verb, same as immerge.
IMMERSION, noun, plunging in.

ERRAND, noun, a message, a sending out.
ERRANT, adj., wandering.
ARRANT, adj., exceedingly bad.

EXTANT, adj., standing forth, promulgated, in existence.
EXTENT, noun, space, size, breadth.
EXTEND, verb, to reach out, to push forward.

EMOLUMENT, noun, stipend; money received for services or as fees.
EMOLLIENT, adj., softening; noun, a soft substance.

EXERCISE, noun, physical or mental exertion. Verb, to use, to practice.
EXORCISE, verb, to expel, as evil spirits.
EXCISE, noun, duties paid on merchandise.

EXPENSE, noun, general outlay of moneys.
EXPENSES, noun, personal outlay of money.


FALSE, adj., untrue, counterfeit, unfaithful.
FAULTS, noun, pl. of fault, imperfections, blemishes, defects.

FARTHER, adj., comp. of far; a greater distance.
FURTHER, adv. more, besides. Verb, to advance, to increase, to improve. Furthermore, Adv., moreover.

FACILITATE, verb, to make easy, to lighten
FACILITY, noun, ease, dexterity.
FACILITIES, pl. All requisites for doing whatever is required easily.

FACULTY, noun, ability, power, energy.
FACULTIES, pl. Mental and physical endowments.

FELICITATE, verb, to congratulate, to compliment.
FELICITY, noun, happiness, pleasure.

FUNERAL, noun, ceremony previous to burial.
FUNEREAL, adj., sad, mournful.

FEET, noun, plural of foot.
FEAT, noun, performance.
FETE, (pronounced fate,) noun, a festival.
FATE, noun, destiny, fortune.

FOUR, noun, adj., three and one.
FORE, noun, front; adj., forward.

FORMER, adj., previous, aforetime, preceding, first in order. Opposite of latter.
FORMERLY, Adv., previously, in former time.
FORMAL, adj., according to form or rule, ceremonious.
FORMALLY, Adv., ceremoniously, in a formal manner.


GILD, verb, to cover with gold.
GILT, adj., covered with gold, gilded.
GUILD, noun, a society or club, a corporation.

GUILT, noun, criminality, crime.
GUILTY, adj., criminal, proven to be criminal.


INDICT, verb, to accuse, to arraign for trial.
INDICTMENT, noun, accusation, arraignment.
INDITE, verb, to dictate to an amanuensis, to compose letters.

IMMOLATE, verb, to sacrifice.
EMULATE, verb, to follow an example, to vie with, to compete.
EMULATION, noun, strife, competition, imitation.
AMULET, noun, a charm.

INCUMBRANCE, (or encumbrance,) noun, hindrance load, lien on property.
ENCUMBER, (or incumber,) verb, to burden, to put on a lien.
INCUMBENT, noun, the holder of an office; adj., imposed as a duty.
INCUMBENCY, noun, holding an office.
RECUMBENT, adj., reclining.

INTEREST, noun, special attention, amount paid for use of money, investment in business. Verb, to make interesting.
INTERESTS, noun, pl., one's share in business; investment.

INSTANCE, noun, circumstance, occasion, example, case.
INSTANTS, noun, pl., moments of time.
INSISTENCE, noun, persistency; act of insisting.

IMPOSSIBLE, adj., not possible.
IMPASSABLE, adj., not passable, obstructed.
IMPASSIBLE, adj., without expression, or emotion; calm, undisturbed.

INGENIOUS, adj., shrewd, skillful, inventive.
INGENUITY, noun, skill, inventive faculty.
INGENUOUS, adj., frank, artless, free.
INDIGENCE, noun, poverty.
INDIGENT, adj., poor, penniless.
INDIGENOUS, adj., native, growing in or belonging to a country.

IRRELEVANT, adj., not relating to the subject.
IRREVERENT, adj., lacking in reverence, disrespectful.


JUDICIAL, adj., pertaining to the office or acts of a judge.
JUDICIOUS, adj., right, proper, with good judgment.

JUNCTION, noun, union, intersection, connection.
JUNCTURE, noun, concurrence of events, critical period.

JOINTURE, noun, an estate settled on a wife.
JOINTER, noun, a carpenter's or cooper's plane.


KNAVE, noun, a dishonest person, a villain.
NAIVE, adj., artless, innocent. (Properly pronounced nah-eev.)
NAIVETE, or naivety, (pron. nah-ee-ve-ta,) noun, ingenuousness, unsophisticated simplicity.
NAVE, noun, interior, or floor space, of a church.

KNIGHT, noun, ancient warrior.
NIGHT, season of darkness.


LOSE, verb, to disappear, to be separated from, to miss.
LOSER, noun, one who loses.
LOOSE, adj., lax, slack, not close or tight.
LOOSER, more loose.

LIGHTNING, noun, electric flash.
LIGHTENING, part., making lighter.

LOATHE, verb, to despise, to abhor, to abominate.
LOATH, adj., unwilling, reluctant. (Followed by the infinitive to.)

LIMB, noun, branch of a tree.
LIMN, verb, to depict, to paint, to describe by words or pictures.

LAX, adj., loose, careless, negligent, slipshod.
LACKS, verb, needs, requires, is deficient in.

LESSON, noun, something to be learned, an example.
LESSEN, verb, to make less, to diminish.

LATER, adj., more late, comp. degree of "late."
LATTER, adj. or noun, the last. Opposite of "former."

LITTER, noun, rubbish, scattered fragments, debris.
LIGHTER, adj., more light. Comp. deg. of "light."

LINIMENT, noun, a medical lotion.
LINEAMENT, noun, an outline, as of the face or features.

LEAN, adj., thin, not fat. Verb, to incline.
LIEN, noun, security, legal attachment. (Properly pron. lee-en.)

LOAN, noun, something lent. Verb, to lend.
LONE, adj., only, sole, single.

LIE, verb, to recline, to tell an untruth. Noun, a falsehood.
LYE, noun, a solution of potash or wood ashes.
LAY, verb, did lie; past tense of "lie." Trans. verb, to put down.
LAY, noun, a song.
LAID, verb, did lay; past tense of "lay."
LAIN, part. of verb "lie," to recline.
LIED. Past tense of verb "lie," to tell an untruth

LEAD, verb, to conduct. p. part., led. Noun, advanced position.
LEAD, (pron. led,) a soft metal.

LUMBAGO, noun, a pain in the back.
PLUMBAGO, noun, black lead.

LUMBER, noun, dressed timber, boards, etc.
LUMBAR, pertaining to the back or vertebra.


MARTIAL, adj., warlike, military.
MARSHAL, noun, a military commander, officer of parade; verb, to arrange in order.

MARK, noun, a point or line; distinction; Verb, to make a point or stroke.
MARQUE, noun, reprisal in naval warfare.

MALL, noun, a beetle or heavy wooden hammer. (Sometimes spelled maul.)
MALL, noun, (pron. mell in England,) a walk or plaza.
MAUL, verb, to beat or strike.

MAIN, adj., principal. Noun, chief part, strength, name of street.
MANE, noun, the long hair on the neck of an animal.
MAINE, noun, name of a State or vessel.

MEAN, adj., not noble, ugly, disagreeable, penurious ; also middle, average or medium; verb, to intend or signify. Means, pl., noun, possessions.
MIEN, noun, countenance, general appearance, demeanor.
MESNE, (pron. meen,) adj., intermediate.

MIDDLING, adj., medium. Noun, a middle grade of cotton.
MIDDLINGS, noun, mixed feed for horses.

MIST, noun, fog, obscurity.
MISSED, past tense or part. of verb "to miss." Did miss.

MISSILE, noun, dart or weapon that is thrown or projected.
MISSAL, a book containing church masses.

MUSCLE, noun, contracting fleshy fiber or tissue.
MUSSEL, noun, a shell-fish. Sometimes spelled muscle.

MONITORY, adj., admonishing, warning, threatening.
MINOR, adj., younger, a plaintive key in music, smaller or less.
MINER, noun, one who works in mines.

METAL, noun, a hard, fusible substance, like iron, silver, etc.
METTLE, noun, animal spirit, courage, dash.
MEDAL, noun, a coin-shaped device, given for special merit.
MEDDLE, verb, to interfere, to mix up with things not of your concern.

MANTEL, noun, a shelf, generally over a chimney.
MANTLE, noun, a cloak or loose garment.


NEW, adj., novel, unused, fresh.
NEWS, noun, intelligence, of recent occurrence.
GNU, noun, animal of the antelope species.
KNEW, verb, past tense of "know." Did know.

NO, adj., or Adv., negative, not, denial, none.
KNOW, verb, to have cognizance or comprehension.


OUGHT, def. verb, should. (Always followed by infinitive to.)
AUGHT, noun, anything.
NAUGHT, noun, nothing.

OPPOSITE, prep., over against.
OPPOSITION, noun, resistance; an opposite position.
APPOSITE, adj., fit, proper.
APPOSITION, noun, the predicate noun in grammar.

OMISSION, noun, act of leaving out.
EMISSION, noun, act of sending, or forcing out.

ORDINANCE, noun, a law or rule, generally passed by a civic body.
ORDNANCE, noun, large guns, cannon, howitzers, etc.

OBSEQUIES, noun, funeral ceremonies.
OBSEQUIOUS, adj., servile, cringing, fawning, over polite.
AUDIENCE, noun, assemblage, people who listen to a discourse or play.

ORE, noun, crude or un-melted metals.
O'ER, prep, contraction of "over."
OAR, noun, implement for propelling- a boat.
ORAL, adj., spoken by word of mouth.

OFFAL, noun, waste matter, refuse, rubbish.
AWFUL, adj., terrible tremendous.


PATIENT, adj., uncomplaining, enduring; noun, a sick person.
PATIENTS, pl. of patient, sick persons.
PATIENCE, noun, endurance, suffering without complaint.
PRESCIENT, adj., foreknowing.
PRESCIENCE, noun, foreknowledge.

PROSPECT, noun, a view or scene; the outlook or appearance of things.
PROSPECTIVE, adj., apparent, possible, from appearances.
PROSPECTUS, noun, a circular letter containing prospective plans.
PERSPECTIVE, noun, apparent distance of view in a picture or scene.

PROSECUTE, verb, to push forward; to sue at law.
PROSECUTION, noun, act of pushing-forward, or suing at law.
PERSECUTE, verb, to pursue with malice, to inflict injury.
PERSECUTION, noun, act of inflicting injury.

PLAIN, adj., easy to understand, level, smooth, coarse, homely.
PLAINS, noun, large extent of level ground.
PLANE, noun, level surface, carpenter's tool; verb, to make smooth.

PLAN, noun, a method or scheme. Verb, to make a plan.
PLANT, noun, a shrub or vegetable; buildings and equipment.

PRESENT, adj., in this place; noun, something given ; verb, to give.
PRESENTS, pl. of present; things given. Legal documents.
PRESENCE, noun, nearness, act of being present, personal bearing, alertness of mind.
PRESENTMENT, noun, presentation, act of presenting.
PRESENTIMENT, noun, foreboding, apprehension.

PASS, verb, to meet, to go by or through, to advance, to serve, (as food,) to spend, (as time,) to enact, (as laws,) to move, to outrun. Noun, a passage or way.
PASSED, past tense or part. of verb "pass;" went, met, spent, etc.
PAST, adj., done, finished, gone, remote, distant, former. Prep., by, beyond, over. Noun, past time.

PERVADE, verb, to permeate, to fill.
PURVEYED, verb, past tense of purvey, to provide or supply food, etc.

PREVISION, noun, foresight.
PROVISION, noun, things provided.
PROVISIONS, noun, food, etc.

PRINCIPLE, noun, rule, method, characteristic, element, a thing.
PRINCIPAL, adj., chief, of the highest or first rank, leading.
PRINCIPAL, adj., used as a noun, 1: a person, as the principal of a school, or of a firm, etc. 2: a sum of money, as money at interest, etc.

PERMANENT, adj., firmly fixed, durable.
PROMINENT, adj., bold, conspicuous, eminent.
PREEMINENT, adj., high in rank or station. Note. Each of the above words may be converted into adverbs by adding the terminally.)

PIER, noun, a wall; support of a bridge; wharf. adj., tall and narrow, as a pier glass, a pier table.
PEER, noun, a nobleman; an equal of the higher class. Verb, to look.

PAPER, noun, in a commercial sense, notes, checks, or anything of similar character that may be converted into cash.
PAPERS, noun, in the plural, legal documents, briefs, testimony, etc.

PETITION, noun, an urgent request, an entreaty. Verb, to ask.
PARTITION, noun, a division; a dividing wall. Verb, to divide.

POSSESSION, noun, ownership.
POSITION, noun, place.

PRECEDE, verb, to come or go before. Part. preceding, preceded.
PRECEDENT, noun, something done before which serves as an example.
PRECEDENCE, noun, place or position before in order of rank.

PRESIDE, verb, to rule, as over a meeting, society or country.
PRESIDENT, noun, one who presides or rules.

PROCEED, verb, to advance, to go forward.
PROCEEDS, noun, net amount, after deducting interest, etc.
PROCEDURE, noun, act of going on, method of proceeding.
PROCEEDINGS, noun, transactions, business'

POPULACE, noun, the people.
POPULOUS, adj., having many people.
POPULAR, adj., liked or admired by the people.
POPLAR, POPPLE, varieties of trees.

PEDAL, adj., pertaining to the foot.
PEDAL, noun, (pron. ped-al,) a treadle, operated by the foot.
PEDDLE, verb, to sell from house to house.

PORTION, noun, a part divided or set off.
POTION, noun, a draught, a dose of medicine.

PROCEED, verb, to advance, to go forward.
PROCEEDS, noun, net amount, after deducting interest, etc.
PROCEDURE, noun, act of going on, method of proceeding.
PROCEEDINGS, noun, transactions, business' done at a meeting.

PRESCRIBE, verb, to give directions, to indicate remedies.
PROSCRIBE, verb, to prohibit.

PRACTICE, noun, repetition, custom, method of doing things.
PRACTISE, verb, to do things repeatedly.

PRACTICAL, adj., useful, efficient, that which has been done before.
PRACTICALLY, Adv., substantially, to all intents and purposes.
PRACTICABLE, adj., feasible, possible, that which may be done.
PRACTICABLY, Adv., possibly, probably.

PAYROLL, noun, list of employees, with amount paid each; the sum paid to employees for their services.
PAROLE, noun, word of honor, verbal promise, military password.
PAROL, adj., verbal, oral, spoken, not written.


QUIET, adj., still.
QUITE, Adv., entirely, wholly, perfectly, very; adj., considerable.

QUARTS, noun, pl. of quart, one-fourth of a gallon.
QUARTZ, noun, a silicate mineral.

QUIRE, noun, twenty-four sheets of paper.
CHOIR, noun, (pron. quire,) a company of singers.

QUOIN, noun, (pron. coin,) a wedge.
COIN, noun, metallic money.
COIGN, or COIGNE, noun, a corner or position.


RESPECTFULLY, Adv., with deference or respect.
RESPECTIVELY, Adv., individually, each by himself or herself.

REALITY, noun, fact, that which is real or actual.
REALTY, adj., pertaining to real estate, noun, real estate.

ROE, noun, species of deer; spawn of fish.
ROW, (ro,) noun, rank, series; verb, to propel a boat.
ROW, (row,) noun, riot, disturbance.
ROAD, noun, a way for vehicles.
ROWED, (rode,) verb, past tense of row, (ro.)
RODE, verb, past tense of ride; did ride.

RAIN, noun, drops of water from the clouds; verb, to descend in the form of water drops.
REIN, noun, a bridle; verb, to guide with a bridle
REINS, noun, pl., the loins or lumbar region of body.
REIGN, noun, duration of government; verb, to rule or govern.

ROUGH, adj., not smooth, coarse.
RUFF, noun, a wide, ruffled collar.

ROUT, verb, to expel, to turn out or dig out. Noun, a driving or turning out.
ROUTE, noun, (pron. roote,) a way or direction.

RIGHT, adj., correct, true; noun, truth, justice, etc., v. to set right.
RIGHTS, noun, pl., things to which one has a just claim.
RITE, noun, a ceremony.
WRITE, verb, to form characters.
WRIGHT, noun, a workman.

ROTE, noun, repetition of words from memory.
WROTE, verb, past tense of write, did write.

RAISE, verb, to lift up; to build up, to procure.
RAZE, verb, to tear down, to destroy.
RAYS, noun, pl. of ray, sunbeams, or beams of light.


STATUE, noun, an image, generally of marble or bronze.
STATUARY, noun, collection of statues.
STATURE, noun, height of a person.
STATUTE, noun, a law.
STATUTORY, adj., pertaining to a statute.
STATUS, noun, state or condition.
STATU, noun, in the state, or condition of. (Usually preceded by in and followed by quo, as "in statu quo."

STATION, noun, place, position, location, depot.
SITUATION, noun, occupation, position, location.
CITATION, noun, a summons, a quotation.
STATIONARY, adj., fixed, standing, permanent.
STATIONERY, noun, wares sold by a stationer.

SIGHT, noun, vision.
SITE, noun, a location, as for a house.
CITE, verb, to summon, to recite or quote.

SEEN, part. of see.
SCENE, noun, a view, a picture.
SEINE, noun, a fishing net. Name of a river.

SUIT, noun, a set or number of articles; verb, to fit or satisfy.
SUITE, noun, (pron. sweet,) a succession or following, as a retinue, or suite of rooms.

STRAIGHT, adj., direct, not crooked.
STRAIT, noun, a narrow passage, a difficulty.
STRAITS, noun, pl. of strait

STATD. adj., sober, steady, dignified.
STAYED or STAID, verb, past tense of stay; did stay.

SOLD, verb, past tense of sell; did sell.
SOLED, part, of sole, to put soles on shoes.
SOULED, adj., having soul or spirit.

SUM, noun, the total amount.
SOME, adj., or noun, part or few.
SOMETIMES, Adv., occasionally. (Always one word.)
SOME TIME, (nearly always two words,) at some period of time.

SPECIE, noun, coined money.
SPECIES, noun, kind or class.
SPECIOUS, adj., plausible, showy, ingenious, false.
SPECIFIC, adj., exact; noun, a special remedy.


TRACTS, noun, pl., parcels, as of land, extent of country; small pamphlets, usually on religious subjects.
TRACKS, noun, pl. of track, rails for cars, footprints.

THERE, Adv., in that place. Also used before parts of the verb "to be" like an impersonal expletive, having no distinct definition, as "there was a man," "there will be trouble," etc.
THEIR, pron., pos., belonging to them.

TEAM, noun, span of horses, yoke of oxen, etc.
TEEM, verb, to abound.

THEREFORE, conj., or Adv., for, or because of that reason.
THEREFOR, Adv., for it, for that, for that purpose.

TO, prep., toward, and arriving at. Has also various other significations, as "marching to music," come to time," etc.
TO, part of infinitive mood, when it has no special definition, as "to think," "to study," etc.

COME TO, verb, to revive.
FALL TO or SET TO, verb, to start, commence, or go at a thing.
SET-TO, (hyphened) noun, a contest, struggle or fight.
LEAN-TO, (hyphened) adj., sloping, as a roof, in one direction.

TWO, the numeral, 2. To "cut or break in two" means "in two parts."
TOO, Adv., (generally an adv. of degree,) a word denoting excess, when it modifies an adj., or other Adv., as "too large," "too high," etc. As a primitive Adv., "too" means also, as, "If you go, I will go too."

TREATIES, noun, pl. of treaty, an agreement, generally between nations.
TREATISE, noun, an essay, giving details extensively of a subject.

TIER, noun, rows, as of seats, one above another.
TEAR, (pron. teer,) noun, lachrymal drops from the eye.
TARE, noun, a weed; a deduction from weight.
TEAR, (pron. tare,) verb, to rend.

UP-TO-DATE, (hyphened,) adj., modern, fashionable, new.
UP TO DATE, (not hyphened,) up to the present time.
FIRST-CLASS, (hyphened,) adj., the best of its kind, excellent.
FIRST CLASS, (not hyphened,) the highest class or rank. A-No. 1, or A-1, adj., highest grade.


VOCALIZE, verb, to sing, to use the voice.
VOWELIZE, verb, to use or insert vowels.

VOCATION, noun, a business, profession or calling.
AVOCATION, noun, occasional employment, diversion, a side line.

VALUABLE, adj., of value or worth.
VOLUBLE, adj., talkative.

VERACITY, noun, truth.
VORACITY, noun, eating to excess.

VERY, Adv., exceedingly.
VARY, verb, to change.
VERIFY, verb, to make true, to confirm.

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